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Designing and assessing learning outcomes: A Framework for Co-Curricular Sustainability Programs
Journal of Sustainability Education
  • Heather E. Spalding, Portland State University
  • Dilafruz R. Williams, Portland State University
  • Vicki L. Wise, Portland State University
Document Type
Publication Date
  • Sustainability -- Study and teaching,
  • Educational evaluation
In recent years, Co-Curricular Sustainability Programs (CoCSPs) have been established at many higher education institutions. However, few such programs have developed learning outcomes or assessment processes to measure the types of learning that are occurring within their programs. This case study creates synthesis between sustainability education and student leadership competencies and shares a place-based framework for designing and assessing learning outcomes. By utilizing learning outcomes and assessment processes, leadership educators can strengthen the effectiveness of their sustainability programs and facilitate transformational learning experiences for students across campus.

Originally appeared in the Journal of Sustainability Education, May 2014, and may be found at

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Citation Information
Spalding, H., Williams, D. R., & Wise, V. L. (2014). Designing and assessing learning outcomes: A framework for co-curricular sustainability programs. Journal of Sustainability Education, 6: 1-22. ISSN: 2151-7452