The anti-cancer activity of resveratrol in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) was investigated focusing on the role of autophagy and its effects on apoptotic cell death. We demonstrated that resveratrol inhibits ESCC cell growth in a dose-dependent manner by inducing cell cycle arrest at the sub-G1 phase and resulting in subsequent apoptosis. Mechanistically, resveratrol-induced autophagy in the ESCC cells is AMPK/mTOR pathway independent. Since both pharmacological and genetic inhibition of autophagy enhanced the resveratrol-induced cytotoxicity to the ESCC cells, this provided a novel strategy in potentiating the anti-cancer effects of resveratrol and other chemotherapeutic reagents in ESCC cancer treatment. Â© 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
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