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Factors Moderating Physical and Psychological Symptoms of Battered Women
Journal of Family Violence (1991)
  • Diane R. Follingstad, University of South Carolina - Columbia
  • Anne F. Brennan, University of Louisville
  • Elizabeth S. Hause, University of South Carolina
  • Darlene S. Polek, University of South Carolina
  • Larry L. Rutledge, University of South Carolina

Physical and psychological symptoms of battered women were investigated based on the theory that their ongoing victimization would produce stress-related symptoms. It was hypothesized that moderating variables (e.g., frequency and severity of abuse, predictability and controllability of abuse, social support networks) would influence the effects of abuse. Battered women (N = 234) were interviewed according to a structured format which allowed for behavioral indices of the data and categorization of the women''s responses. Results indicated that frequency of abuse was a strong predictor of the number and severity of symptoms. Those women who could predict abuse experienced more symptoms. Severity of physical and psychological symptoms was predicted by a model including women with more injuries requiring medical attention, women adhering to traditional sex role values, and the presence of one type of emotional abuse. Battered women perceived their physical and emotional health as deteriorating during the relationship and during the abuse, but as getting healthier after the abuse ended. Future research needs to replicate these findings with a representative group of battered women who are still in the battering relationship.

  • moderators,
  • physical symptoms,
  • psychological symptoms,
  • spouse abuse
Publication Date
March, 1991
Publisher Statement
Published in Journal of Family Violence, v. 6, issue 1, p. 81-95.
Citation Information
Diane R. Follingstad, Anne F. Brennan, Elizabeth S. Hause, Darlene S. Polek, et al.. "Factors Moderating Physical and Psychological Symptoms of Battered Women" Journal of Family Violence Vol. 6 Iss. 1 (1991)
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