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Basisinkomen en het reciprociteitsbeginsel: een analytische benadering
Ethiek en Maatschappij (1999)
  • Jurgen De Wispelaere
Abstract
In the ongoing debate on reforming the welfare state, a marginal but notable position is advanced by a number of theorists who propose the introduction of a universal basic income scheme as a solution to the current problems. A basic income is a grant to which all individuals/citizens are entitled, irrespective of family situation or income, without past, present or future work requirement. Basic income is heavily criticized for a number of reasons. One is that it frustrates the norm of reciprocity. According to this critique, basic income's focus on unconditional grants makes it possible for people to relinquish their basic social obligations and free-ride on the productive effort of fellow citizens. This paper first critically assesses the reciprocity objection against basic income, and finds it wanting. Second, the paper argues that it is possible to integrate basic income in a reciprocity-sensitive framework. To achieve this I argue that we must radically rethink the idea of property rights within employment, which underlie the views of both the proponents and adversaries of basic income.
Keywords
  • basic income,
  • reciprocity,
  • exploitation,
  • justice,
  • exclusion
Disciplines
Publication Date
June, 1999
Citation Information
Jurgen De Wispelaere. "Basisinkomen en het reciprociteitsbeginsel: een analytische benadering" Ethiek en Maatschappij Vol. 2 Iss. 2 (1999)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dewispelaere/15/