Divergence in NK Cell and Cyclic AMP Regulation of T Cell CD40L Expression in Asthmatic SubjectsJournal of Leukocyte Biology (2003)
AbstractT cells are central in the pathogenesis of asthma, and the associated ligand, CD40L, plays an important role by increasing production of immunoglobulin E and inflammatory mediators. β-Adrenoceptor agonists are commonly used in asthma, although little is known regarding effects on CD40L expression and T cell activation. Here, we demonstrate that cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and β-adrenoceptor agonists differentially regulate CD40L in asthma. cAMP increased naïve T cell CD40L expression in asthmatics (9.8±8.5 increase in percent CD40L-positive cells), and expression in control subjects was inhibited (7.1±6.0 decrease in percent CD40L-positive cells; P< 0.05). Cell depletion and reconstitution experiments were used to determine that cAMP enhancement of CD40L required cell-to-cell contact with an asthma-associated natural killer (NK) cell subset. The NK cell subset expressed elevated levels of CD95, and in vitro-generated CD95+NK2 cells also produced similar effects on CD40L expression. Our findings suggest that a subset of NK cells with elevated CD95 expression is associated with asthma and can reverse cAMP inhibitory effects on T cell CD40L with the potential to increase disease exacerbation.
Publication DateOctober 1, 2003
Citation InformationDenise G. Wingett. "Divergence in NK Cell and Cyclic AMP Regulation of T Cell CD40L Expression in Asthmatic Subjects" Journal of Leukocyte Biology Vol. 74 Iss. 4 (2003)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/denise_wingett/13/