This paper intends to begin the discussion of a new territorial development perspective. According to Boisier, the concept of territorial development is understood as one related to the idea of container, rather than content. Therefore, it is understood that, even though every portion of the earth surface is territory, not all territories are important from a developmental perspective. The aforementioned author differentiates among: “natural territory”, composed by natural elements free from any human intervention; "equipped territory" or “intervened territory”, where man has already built transport systems, infrastructure and even extractive production activities; and "organized territory", characterized by a community with local identity, politically and administratively ruled. These territories become subjects of intervention that promote development. Thus, we propose a structured model centered on the creation of Municipal Development Forums, which will generate –with the participation of local actors- a Local Development Programme.
The proposal is formulated for territories over 5,000 and below 30,000 inhabitants. This criterion is based on the applicability of the proposed model to municipalities with territorial development potential, having a balanced an important internal consumption, but where progress is hindered by the proximity of one or more political jurisdictions of a larger productive scale that are regional administrative centers. It is necessary to consider the notion of development on a human scale as proposed by Max-Neef, who understands that development is focused and based on satisfying main human needs and intends self-reliance and coordination among people, nature and technology.
The development programme will consider a diagnosis of the productive profile of the territory and its relationship with the characteristics and origin of goods or services consumed within the municipality. From the diagnosis, the causes of the separation between the local productive system and the consumption needs of the inhabitants can be detected. A posteriori, the local productive systems will be readapted in order to satisfy the resident’s demands for goods and services and to generate new enterprises from available resources, encouraging local consumption.
This territorial development model aims to move towards goods and services self-sufficiency, to generate new jobs and to promote effective and efficient use of local resources. To reach these goals, it is vital to prevent inhabitants from satisfying their consumption needs in neighboring municipalities when they could be solved locally, strengthening their own productive system. In many cases, the “flight of consumption” may be due to the following causes: 1. Lack of goods or services within the territory; 2. Provision of internal goods and services of inadequate quality compared to those offered outside the municipality; 3. Disadvantages of credit facilities; 4. Less accessibility and variety of goods and services. Likewise, occasionally, inhabitants’ demands in a certain territory are not produced internally. The reasons that may originate this situation are: 1. Lack of knowledge of the characteristics of local demand; 2. Inadequate productive know-how; 3. Deficit of funding to strengthen the existing productive systems or to promote the creation of new enterprises. To achieve this, it will be encouraged the generation of new productive enterprises that satisfy the needs for local goods and services which have not found response within the territory for different reasons.
Besides, the institutional aspect will be considered, including a methodology for the design and start-up of Municipal Development Forums. The notification to the forums shall be as broad as possible. From Buarque’s point of view, local development results from the capacity of the social actors to mobilize in order to strengthen their potential, taking their culture into account, to define their priorities and to improve their competitiveness. Regarding the forums, it will also be necessary to establish: characteristics, composition, objectives, operation, budget, and internal and external coordination. In short, we propose to deal with territorial development from an innovative perspective, focusing on the creation of Municipal Development Forums that foster the improvement and growth of the productive system, the creation of jobs, local identity and the consumption of goods and services locally produced.
- local development,
- Territorial intelligence and culture of development
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/delgiorgiosolfa/3/