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Fragile States: Beyond International Borders and into U.S. Communities
Adult Education Research Conference
  • Debra J Bolton, PhD, Kansas State University
  • Francisco M Hernandez, Major, Civil Affairs U.S. Army
Submission Purpose
Main Conference
Type of Proposal
Paper: Model or theory development
“Fragile States Indicators”, used worldwide, were applied to U.S. communities with high poverty. Theories, literature and data gave rise to a model that could be applied to families and institutions with implications for adult education.
  • Poverty,
  • At-Risk Communities,
  • Fragility,
  • Educational Empowerment,
  • Social Justice
Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Citation Information
Debra J Bolton and Francisco M Hernandez. "Fragile States: Beyond International Borders and into U.S. Communities" (2016)
Available at: