Rigid intramedullary nail fixation of traumatic femoral fractures in the skeletally immatureOrthopaedic Trauma Association (2021)
To determine the rate of femoral head osteonecrosis, and other complications following rigid intramedullary (IM) nail fixation of traumatic diaphyseal femur fractures through the greater trochanter in the skeletally immature.
Retrospective review, case series.
Level I academic trauma center.
One hundred forty-eight traumatic pediatric diaphyseal femur fractures in 145 patients treated with rigid IM nail fixation from November 1, 2004 to December 31, 2018.
Rigid intramedullary nail fixation of traumatic diaphyseal femur fractures through a trochanteric start point in the skeletally immature.
Main outcome measurement:
Rate of osteonecrosis of the femoral head.
Sixty-five fractures in 64 skeletally immature patients met inclusion criteria. Motor vehicle collisions were implicated in 32 fractures. Of the 65 fractures, 5 were open. All rigid IM nails were anterograde with a trochanteric start point. Mean radiographic follow-up was 27.4 ± 8.1 months. Twenty-two patients experienced postoperative pain and/or hardware irritation, with 24 patients (36.9%) undergoing reoperation for hardware removal. No occurrences of infection, malunion, nonunion, refracture, venous thromboembolism, fat embolism, significant leg length discrepancy, or femoral head osteonecrosis were documented. Two cases of heterotopic ossification were observed, 1 requiring surgical excision, yielding a complication rate of 3.1%.
No cases of femoral head osteonecrosis were observed following treatment of 65 traumatic diaphyseal femur fractures with rigid IM nailing through the greater trochanter with a mean radiographic follow-up of 27 months. Rigid IM nail fixation with a trochanteric start point is both safe and efficacious for management of diaphyseal femur fractures in the skeletally immature.
Citation InformationChristopher Del Balso, Debra Bartley, Megan Cashin, Timothy Carey, et al.. "Rigid intramedullary nail fixation of traumatic femoral fractures in the skeletally immature" Orthopaedic Trauma Association (2021)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/debra-bartley/3/