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Article
Nitrogen Concentration Affects Nutrient and Carotenoid Accumulation in Parsley
Journal of Plant Nutrition (2005)
  • Dean A. Kopsell, University of Tennessee - Knoxville
  • Christin H. Chenard, University of New Hampshire - Main Campus
  • David E. Kopsell, University of New Hampshire - Main Campus
Abstract
Previous research has suggested that the herbal crop parsley (Petroselinum crispum Nym.) has a relatively high concentration of nutritionally important carotenoid phytonutrients, such as lutein-zeaxanthin and β -carotene. Nitrogen (N) has the most direct impact on plant growth, but influence of N on phytonutritional quality is contradictory. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to measure the effects of different concentrations of N on growth, elemental accumulation, and carotenoid production in parsley. 'Dark Green Italian' parsley was greenhouse-grown in a nutrient solution with 6.0, 13.1, 26.3, 52.5, or 105.0 mg N L-1. After 8 weeks, plants were harvested and analyzed for biomass production, micro- and macronutrient concentrations, and lutein-zeaxanthin and β -carotene levels. Increasing N in the nutrient solution increased plant biomass, leaf tissue N, phosphorus (P), potassium (K), lutein-zeaxanthin, β -carotene, and chlorophyll. Leaf iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), and molybdenum (Mo) decreased with increases in N in nutrient solutions. Quadratic increases in response to increasing solution N occurred for leaf calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S), boron (B), copper (Cu), and zinc (Zn). Increasing the elemental and carotenoid concentrations in parsley through N fertility modification would be expected to increase the nutritional value of this culinary herbal crop.
Keywords
  • β -carotene; chlorophyll; human health; lutein; zeaxanthin; macronutrient; micronutrient
Publication Date
2005
Citation Information
Dean A. Kopsell, Christin H. Chenard and David E. Kopsell. "Nitrogen Concentration Affects Nutrient and Carotenoid Accumulation in Parsley" Journal of Plant Nutrition Vol. 28 Iss. 2 (2005)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dean_kopsell/23/