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Article
Precipitation and Temperature Effects on Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Population Dynamics
Environmental Entomology (2017)
  • David B. Taylor, USDA-ARS Agroecosystem Management Research Unit
  • Kristina Friesen, USDA-ARS Agroecosystem Management Research Unit
  • Jerry J. Zhu, USDA-ARS Agroecosystem Management Research Unit
Abstract
The dynamics of stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), populations relative to temperature and precipitation were evaluated in a 13-yr study in eastern Nebraska. During the course of the study, >1.7 million stable flies were collected on an array of 25 sticky traps. A log-normal model using degree-days with a 15 C threshold and weekly lags 0–4 for temperature and 2–7 for precipitation provided the best fit with the observed data. The relationships of temperature and precipitation to stable fly trap catches were both curvilinear, with maxima at 6.6 degree-day-15 (22 C) and 7.4mm precipitation per day, respectively. The temperature and precipitation model accounted for 72% of the variance in seasonal trap catches.
Keywords
  • Stomoxys,
  • climate,
  • population model
Disciplines
Publication Date
March 24, 2017
DOI
10.1093/ee/nvx032
Citation Information
David B. Taylor, Kristina Friesen and Jerry J. Zhu. "Precipitation and Temperature Effects on Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Population Dynamics" Environmental Entomology (2017)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david_taylor/67/