Skip to main content
Point Load Test for Estimation of Concrete Compressive Strength
ACI Materials Journal
  • David Newton Richardson, Missouri University of Science and Technology
The point-load index is presented as a convenient alternate method for determining relative strength of concrete or as a method of estimating concrete compressive strength. The test method presently is accepted in rock mechanics but is relatively new to the field of concrete. The test is quick, inexpensive, reproducible, and the test equipment is portable. The test involves application of a load via two conical platens across the diametral or axial axis of cores or cylinders. It was concluded that there is a strong relationship of point-load index with compressive strength. At this time, each job-mix relationship should be determined individually for compressive strength estimations. Two methods of size correction are presented. For most purposes, initial specimen diameter should be used for calculating the point-load index, and the specimens should be loaded diametrally for testing cast cylinders and cores drilled parallel to concrete "bedding" planes.
Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Keywords and Phrases
  • Compressive Strength,
  • Concretes,
  • Loads (Forces),
  • Mechanical Tests,
  • Tensile Strength,
  • Tests,
  • Materials Research
Document Type
Article - Journal
Document Version
File Type
© 1989 American Concrete Institute (ACI), All rights reserved.
Publication Date
Citation Information
David Newton Richardson. "Point Load Test for Estimation of Concrete Compressive Strength" ACI Materials Journal Vol. 86 Iss. 4 (1989) p. 409 - 416 ISSN: 0889-325X
Available at: