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Diarylheptanoid from Pleuranthodium racemigerum with in vitro prostaglandin E2 inhibitory and cytotoxic activity
Journal of Natural Products
  • Hans Wohlmuth, Southern Cross University
  • Myrna A Deseo, Southern Cross University
  • Don J Brushett, Southern Cross University
  • Dion R Thompson, Southern Cross University
  • Graham MacFarlane, University of Queensland
  • Lesley M Stevenson, Southern Cross University
  • David N Leach, Southern Cross University
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Peer Reviewed
Bioactivity-guided fractionation of an ethanolic extract of the rhizome of Pleuranthodium racemigerum, a tropical Zingiberaceae species from North-eastern Australia, resulted in the isolation and structural elucidation of 1-(4″-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4′-hydroxyphenyl)-(E)-hept-2-ene (1), a new diarylheptanoid related to curcumin. Compound 1 was a fairly potent inhibitor of prostaglandin E2 production in 3T3 murine fibroblasts (IC50 ≈ 34 μM) and also displayed moderate cytotoxicity against this cell line (IC50 = 52.8 μM). The compound also demonstrated cytotoxic activity against the P388D1 murine lymphoblast cell line (IC50 = 117.0 μM) and four human cell lines: Caco-2 colonic adenocarcinoma (IC50 = 44.8 μM), PC3 prostate adenocarcinoma (IC50 = 23.6 μM), HepG2 hepatocyte carcinoma (IC50 = 40.6 μM), and MCF7 mammary adenocarcinoma (IC50 = 56.9 μM). The cytotoxicity of compound 1 closely resembled that of curcumin, both in terms of IC50 values and dose-response curves.
Citation Information

Wohlmuth, H, Deseo, MA, Brushett, DJ, Thompson, DR, MacFarlane, G, Stevenson, LM & Leach, DN 2010, 'Diarylheptanoid from Pleuranthodium racemigerum with in vitro prostaglandin E2 inhibitory and cytotoxic activity', Journal of Natural Products, vol. 73, pp. 743-746.

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