A detailed investigation of the wood, leaf, branch and root oil of Eremophila mitchellii (Benth.) was carried out by a combination of GC–FID, GC–MS and NMR. The wood oil was composed predominantly of eremophilanes, a rare class of biologically active, bicyclic sesquiterpenoids. The root oil was also found to contain the eremophilanes together with the zizaene sesquiterpene, sesquithuriferone. 9-Hydroxy-1,7(11),9-eremophilatrien-8-one and the known 1(10),11-eremophiladien-9-one (eremophilone), 9-hydroxy-7(11),9-eremophiladien-8-one (2-hydroxyeremophilone), 8-hydroxy-11-eremophilen-9-one (santalcamphor), 8-hydroxy-10,11-eremophiladien-9-one, sesquithuriferone and 8-hydroxy-1,11-eremophiladien-9-one were purified and elucidated by NMR. Three approaches to the purification of the major eremophilanes from the wood oil are described. (+) Spathulenol, α-pinene, globulol, viridiflorene were the major constituents of the leaf oil. All of the essential oils and the eremophilanes exhibited cytotoxicity against P388D1 mouse lymphoblast cells in-vitro.
Beattie, KD, Waterman, PG, Forster, PI, Thompson, DR & Leach, DN 2011, 'Chemical composition and cytotoxicity of oils and eremophilanes derived from various parts of Eremophila mitchellii Benth. (Myoporaceae)', Phytochemistry, vol. 72, no. 4-5, pp. 400-408.
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