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Nantucket pine tip moth control and loblolly pine growth in intensive pine culture: two-year results
Faculty Publications
  • David Kulhavy, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University
  • Jimmie L. Yeiser, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture, Stephen F. Austin State University
  • L. Allen Smith
Document Type
Conference Proceeding
Publication Date
1-1-2004
Disciplines
Abstract
The Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock) (NPTM), is an important pine regeneration insect in the Eastern and Southern United States (Berisford 1987). Larval feeding in meristematic tissue of young pines causes significant damage, particularly in areas where forest regeneration favors its proliferation (Yates and others 1981). Southeastern industrial forestry currently emphasizes establishment of large, homogeneous pine plantations to maximize production of wood and fiber. This forest management practice also creates optimal conditions for phytophagous insects, whose sole or primary hosts are pine trees. Increased damage by NPTM following vegetation control treatments may include improved suitability of pine tissue for larvae and a greater abundance of NPTM feeding sites (Ross and Berisford 1990). NPTM infestation rates tended to increase as site preparation intensity increased and levels of competing vegetation and overstory decreased (Berisford and Kulman 1967, Hertel and Benjamin 1977, Hood and others 1988, Lantagne and Burger 1988, White and others 1984, Zutter and others 1986). Miller and Stephen (1983) indicated competing herbaceous and woody vegetation provides food and shelter for NPTM predators and parasites.
Comments

Kulhavy, D. L.; Yeiser, J. L.; Smith, L. A. 2004. Nantucket pine tip moth control and loblolly pine growth in intensive pine culture: two-year results. 147-149. . IN: Connor, Kristina F.; [Editor] 2004. Proceedings of the 12th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-71. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 600 p.

http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/gtr/gtr_srs071/gtr_srs071-kulhavy001.pdf

Citation Information
David Kulhavy, Jimmie L. Yeiser and L. Allen Smith. "Nantucket pine tip moth control and loblolly pine growth in intensive pine culture: two-year results" (2004)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david_l_kulhavy/1/