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Foucault and Habermas
The Cambridge Companion to Foucault
  • David Ingram, Loyola University Chicago
Document Type
Book Chapter
Publication Date
The article is a comprehensive comparison of Foucault and Habermas which focuses on their distinctive styles of critical theory. The article maintains that Foucault's virtue ethical understanding of aesthetic self-realization as a form of resistance to normalizing practices provides counterpoint to Habermas's more juridical approach to institutional justice and the critique of ideology. The article contains an extensive discussion of their respective treatments of speech action, both strategic and communicative, and concludes by addressing Foucault's understanding of parrhesia as a non-discursive form of truth-telling.

Author Posting. © Cambridge University Press, 2005. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Cambridge University Press for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in The Cambridge Companion to Foucault, 2005.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0
Citation Information
Ingram, David. "Foucault and Habermas." In The Cambridge Companion to Foucault (2nd revised edition), ed. G. Gutting (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 240-83.