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Article
Increased Transcription of the Phosphate-Specific Transport System of Escherichia coli O157:H7 after Exposure to Sodium Benzoate
Journal of Food Protection (2010)
  • Faith J. Critzer
  • Doris H. D'Souza
  • Arnold M. Saxton
  • David A. Golden, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Abstract
Sodium benzoate is a widely used food antimicrobial in drinks and fruit juices. A microarray study was conducted to determine the transcriptional response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to 0.5% (wt/vol) sodium benzoate. E. coli O157:H7 grown in 150 ml of Luria-Bertani broth was exposed to 0% (control) and 0.5% sodium benzoate. Each treatment was duplicated and sampled at 0 (immediately after exposure), 5, 15, 30, and 60 min. Total RNA was extracted and analyzed with E. coli 2.0 Gene Chips. Significant ontology categories affected by sodium benzoate exposure were determined with JProGO software. The phosphate-specific transport (Pst) system transports inorganic phosphate into bacterial cells, under phosphate-limited conditions. The Pst system was found to be highly upregulated. Increased expression of the Pst system was observed after the short 5 min of exposure to sodium benzoate; pstS, pstA, pstB, and pstC genes were upregulated more than twofold (linear scale) at 5, 15, 30, and 60 min. Increased expression of several other efflux systems, such as AcrAB-TolC, was also observed. The Pst system may act as an efflux pump under these stress-adapted conditions, as well as increase transport of phosphorus to aid in DNA, RNA, ATP, and phospholipid production. Understanding adaptations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 under antimicrobial exposure is essential to better understand and implement methods to inhibit or control its survival in foods.
Publication Date
May, 2010
Citation Information
Faith J. Critzer, Doris H. D'Souza, Arnold M. Saxton and David A. Golden. "Increased Transcription of the Phosphate-Specific Transport System of Escherichia coli O157:H7 after Exposure to Sodium Benzoate" Journal of Food Protection Vol. 73 Iss. 5 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david_golden/2/