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Comparative Standards for Intensive Livestock Operations in Canada, Mexico, and the United States
Economics Faculty Publications and Presentations
  • Jerry Speir, Tulane University of Louisiana
  • Marie-Ann Bowden, University of Saskatchewan
  • David E. Ervin, Portland State University
  • Jim McElfish, Environmental Law Institute (ELI)
  • Rosario P. Espejo, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
  • Tim Whitehouse, Commission for Environmental Cooperation
  • Chantal L. Carpentier, Commission for Environmental Cooperation
Document Type
Technical Report
Publication Date
  • Meat industry and trade -- Canada,
  • Meat industry and trade -- Mexico,
  • Meat industry and trade -- United States,
  • Livestock -- Diseases,
  • Livestock -- Pollution
Livestock farming has been transformed in the past twenty years from a business dominated by relatively small producers to one dominated by large facilities raising thousands of animals. A side effect of this development has been a new set of environmental concerns unique to this industry. While regulation of livestock agriculture has historically been a state/provincial and local matter, governments from the local to the federal level have found themselves grappling with the issues created by these new, concentrated facilities. This Report surveys the current environmental requirements for "intensive livestock operations" (ILOs) in the United States, Mexico and Canada. The Report draws conclusions about current regulatory regimes and makes recommendations on the management of environmental issues associated with ILOs.

This study on Comparative Standards for Intensive Livestock Operation in Canada, Mexico and the United States was carried out by the Secretariat under the Law and Policy Program with the support of the Environment, Economy and Trade Program.

Reproduction of this document in whole or in part and in any form for educational or nonprofit purposes may be made without special permission from the CEC Secretariat, provided acknowledgement of the source is made. The CEC would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication or material that uses this document as a source.

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Persistent Identifier
Citation Information
Jerry Speir, Marie-Ann Bowden, David E. Ervin, Jim McElfish, et al.. "Comparative Standards for Intensive Livestock Operations in Canada, Mexico, and the United States" (2003)
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