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Using Focus Groups to Identify Characteristics of an Ideal Working Environment for Advanced Practice Clinicians
Healthc (Amst)
  • Robert Motley, MD, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • Richard J Mazzaccaro, MD, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • David B Burmeister, DO, FACEP, CPE, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • Samuel Land, MD, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • Richard Boulay, MD, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • Heiwon Chung, MD, FACS, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • Lynn M Deitrick, RN, PhD, Lehigh Valley Health Network
  • Andrew D Sumner, MD, Lehigh Valley Health Network
Publication/Presentation Date
Advanced Practice Clinicians (APCs) in collaborative practice represent a diverse and valuable group of health care professionals, including nurse practitioners, physician assistants, nurse anesthetists, and nurse midwives. Because these healthcare professionals have been identified as part of the solution to physician shortages, it is critical for health networks to examine and address issues affecting collaborative relationships. We invited our network APCs to participate in focus group sessions to determine both attributes and barriers to an ideal work environment. Four major themes emerged: (1) compensation, (2) network representation, (3) employment structure, and (4) workplace culture. While issues relating to compensation and representation were prevalent, discussions also revealed the importance of relationships and communication. To ensure successful collaboration and, thereby, reduce clinician turnover, leaders must address gaps between the existing and ideal states in structural factors affecting job satisfaction (Themes 1-3) as well as the behavioral factors represented in workplace culture (Theme 4).
Document Type
Citation Information

Motley, R., Mazzaccaro, R., Burmeister, D., Land,S., Boulay, R., Chung, H., Deitrick, L., Sumner, A., (2016). Using focus groups to identify characteristics of an ideal work environment for Advanced Practice Clinicians.Healthcare (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 4(3), 151-154. doi:10.1016/j.hjdsi.2015.10.007.