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Article
Femoral diaphysis fractures in cattle: 26 cases (1994-2005).
Austrailian Veterinary Journal (2010)
  • S. Nichols
  • David E Anderson, Kansas State University
  • M. D. Miesner
  • K. D. Newman
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the outcome for cattle with diaphyseal fractures of the femur, but not including capital physeal injuries. METHODS: Sources of information were medical records of cattle having a definitive diagnosis of diaphyseal femoral fractures and telephone survey of owners. RESULTS: Medical records for 26 cattle with femoral fracture were found; of the 20 aged less than 2 months, 15 were treated surgically, 4 conservatively (stall rest) and 1 was euthanased without treatment. The surgical treatment varied according to the configuration of the fracture and the surgeon's experience. Surgery for mid-diaphyseal fractures had a significantly better surgical outcome then distal diaphyseal fractures (P < 0.05), as there were significantly fewer postoperative complications. Of the 15 calves treated surgically, 10 were discharged from hospital and 5 were retained in the herd without noticeable lameness. Of the 4 calves treated conservatively, 3 were alive at follow-up, but 2 were still lame. Of the 6 older cattle, 3 were euthanased without treatment and 3 were treated conservatively, 2 of which were alive at follow-up but 1 was still lame. CONCLUSION: Conservative treatment of femur fracture in cattle is possible but associated with complications during the convalescence. Continued research is needed to optimise distal diaphyseal fracture stabilisation in young cattle.

Publication Date
2010
Citation Information
S. Nichols, David E Anderson, M. D. Miesner and K. D. Newman. "Femoral diaphysis fractures in cattle: 26 cases (1994-2005)." Austrailian Veterinary Journal Vol. 88 Iss. 1-2 (2010)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david_anderson1/19/