Skip to main content
Article
Development and Validation of the Parental Authority Questionnaire – Revised
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
  • David Reitman, Nova Southeastern University
  • Paula C. Rhode
  • Stephen D. A. Hupp, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
  • Cherie Altobello
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
6-1-2002
Keywords
  • Parenting Style,
  • Tests and Measurement,
  • Child-Rearing Assessment
Disciplines
Peer Reviewed
1
Abstract
Baumrind's conceptualization of parenting style has influenced research and theorizing about child-rearing for more than 30 years, yet few clinical applications of this work have been realized. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a parenting style measure, the Parental Authority Questionnaire – Revised (PAQ-R). This project furthered the development and validation of the instrument by examining the factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent validity of the PAQ-R in a large, ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample. The factor structure and reliability of the PAQ-R was modest, but generally within the acceptable range. Specifically, the Authoritarian and Permissive subscales of the PAQ-R had modest reliability and convergent validity; these PAQ-R subscales correlated with relevant subscales of the Parenting Scale and the Parent–Child Relationship Inventory. By contrast, the Authoritativeness subscale had poorer psychometric properties when used in lower SES, primarily African American populations. While African American mothers in the sample reported being more Permissive than did Caucasian mothers, these differences disappeared after controlling for income and maternal education. By contrast, African American mothers continued to report more Authoritarian attitudes even after controlling for income and maternal education.
DOI
10.1023/A:1015344909518
Citation Information
David Reitman, Paula C. Rhode, Stephen D. A. Hupp and Cherie Altobello. "Development and Validation of the Parental Authority Questionnaire – Revised" Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment Vol. 24 Iss. 2 (2002) p. 119 - 127 ISSN: 0882-2689
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david-reitman/79/