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Article
The Influence of a Token Economy and Methylphenidate on Attentive and Disruptive Behavior During Sports with ADHD-Diagnosed Children.
Behavior Modification
  • David Reitman, Nova Southeastern University
  • Stephen D. A. Hupp, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
  • Patrick M. O'Callaghan, Louisiana State University Law Center
  • V. Gulley
  • John Northup, Louisiana State University Law Center
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
4-1-2001
Keywords
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity,
  • Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders,
  • Combined Modality Therapy,
  • Preschool Child,
  • Methylphenidate,
  • Token Economy
Disciplines
Peer Reviewed
1
Abstract
Three children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) participated in a summer program designed to evaluate the influence of stimulant medication and a token economy on attentive and disruptive behavior during kickball games. Attentive and disruptive behavior were assessed using an interval coding system, and daily ratings on the ADHD Index of the Conners Teacher Rating Scale-Revised were also obtained. A multielement reversal design was used, and the results indicated that both interventions independently improved attentive behavior and decreased disruptive behavior for the participants. Contrary to other research, when the token economy and medication were compared in isolation, the token system appeared more effective in reducing disruptive behavior for 2 of the 3 participants. In addition, the token system generally enhanced the effects of stimulant medication.
DOI
10.1177/0145445501252007
Citation Information
David Reitman, Stephen D. A. Hupp, Patrick M. O'Callaghan, V. Gulley, et al.. "The Influence of a Token Economy and Methylphenidate on Attentive and Disruptive Behavior During Sports with ADHD-Diagnosed Children." Behavior Modification Vol. 25 Iss. 2 (2001) p. 305 - 323 ISSN: 0145-4455
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david-reitman/19/