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Article
A Critical Evaluation of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a Head Start Population.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
  • David Reitman, Nova Southeastern University
  • R. O. Currier
  • T. R. Stickle
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-1-2002
Keywords
  • Early Intervention,
  • Preschool Child,
  • Parenting,
  • Parents,
  • Psychometrics,
  • Questionnaires,
  • Psychological,
  • Stress
Disciplines
Abstract
Examines psychometric characteristics of the 36-item Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a low-income, predominantly minority population. Relations between the PSI-SF, demographic, and psychosocial factors associated with parenting stress were examined. Internal consistencies for the PSI-SF were very good to excellent. However, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated that a 3-factor model comprised of Parental Distress, Difficult Child, and Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction subscales was only marginally superior to a single-factor model. A series of multiple regression analyses examining the relation of psychosocial and demographic measures to PSI-SF subscales were more supportive of the 3-factor model proposed by Abidin (1995). As anticipated, the PSI-SF Difficult Child subscale was most strongly associated with a measure of child oppositionality, and the Parental Distress subscale was most highly associated with self-reported psychological symptoms and low income. Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction was associated with parent reports of psychological symptoms as well as low income and education. The results appear to support the use of the PSI-SF with lower socioeconomic, primarily African American mothers. Additionally, the data provide indirect support for the generalizability of a 3-factor model of parenting stress.
DOI
10.1207/153744202760082649
Citation Information
David Reitman, R. O. Currier and T. R. Stickle. "A Critical Evaluation of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) in a Head Start Population." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Vol. 31 Iss. 3 (2002) p. 384 - 392 ISSN: 1537-4416
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david-reitman/141/