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Article
The Effects of Delayed Rewards, Tokens, and Stimulant Medication on Sportsmanlike Behavior with ADHD-Diagnosed Children.
Behavior Modification
  • David Reitman, Nova Southeastern University
  • Stephen D. A. Hupp, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
  • John Northup, Louisiana State University Law Center
  • Patrick M. O'Callaghan, Louisiana State University Law Center
  • Monique LeBlanc
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
4-1-2002
Keywords
  • Amphetamines,
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity,
  • Behavior Therapy,
  • Preschool Child,
  • Combined Modality Therapy,
  • Cooperative Behavior,
  • Methylphenidate,
  • Token Economy,
  • Sports
Disciplines
Peer Reviewed
1
Abstract

Five children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder participated in a summer program designed to evaluate behavioral and pharmacological treatments in a recreational setting. The effect of a contingency for increased sportsmanlike behavior, with and without the use of tokens, was examined during kickball games. The influence of stimulant medication was also examined for 3 of the children. A multiple-baseline, reversal design revealed that a delayed reward condition did not increase sportsmanlike behavior, whereas the addition of tokens (and praise) to the delayed reward increased sportsmanlike behavior for all 5 participants. Stimulant medication appeared to have very little influence on sportsmanlike behavior. Future directions for behavioral social skills interventions using a sports skills model are also discussed.

DOI
10.1177/0145445502026002002
Citation Information
David Reitman, Stephen D. A. Hupp, John Northup, Patrick M. O'Callaghan, et al.. "The Effects of Delayed Rewards, Tokens, and Stimulant Medication on Sportsmanlike Behavior with ADHD-Diagnosed Children." Behavior Modification Vol. 26 Iss. 2 (2002) p. 148 - 162 ISSN: 0145-4455
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/david-reitman/13/