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Article
A discrete computer model of the immune system reveals competitive interactions between the humoral and cellular branch and between cross-reacting memory and naïve responses
Vaccine
  • Yiming Cheng, New York University School of Medicine
  • Dario Ghersi, University of Nebraska at Omaha
  • Claudia Calcagno, New York University School of Medicine
  • Liisa K. Selin, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Roberto Puzone
  • Franco Celada, University of Genoa
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
2-1-2009
Disciplines
Abstract
In an agent-based computer model, we simulate the formation and recall of anti-virus immunological memory. Specifically we try to predict what will happen, both to the response and to memory, when the second infecting virus is partly different from the first one, and when the cross-reactivity of the two branches of the immune system (IS), humoral and cellular, is asymmetrical, or “split”. The simulations explore systematically epitope distances, and measure all changes in affinity, cellularity and efficiency in clearing the infection. Besides obvious cooperations, they reveal powerful competitions between the branches, and more intriguing, between cross-reacting and new responses when the latter suffer the competition by preformed cell-rich but inefficient clones, as memory, usually an asset, becomes a liability.
Citation Information
Yiming Cheng, Dario Ghersi, Claudia Calcagno, Liisa K. Selin, et al.. "A discrete computer model of the immune system reveals competitive interactions between the humoral and cellular branch and between cross-reacting memory and naïve responses" Vaccine Vol. 27 Iss. 6 (2009) p. 833 - 845
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dario-ghersi/16/