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The Emission by Dust and Stars of Nearby Galaxies in the Herschel KINGFISH Survey
The Astrophysical Journal (2011)
  • Ramin A. Skibba
  • Charles W. Engelbracht
  • Daniel Dale
  • Joannah Hinz
  • Stefano Zibetti
  • Alison Crocker
  • Brent Groves
  • Leslie Hunt
  • Benjamin D. Johnson
  • Sharon Meidt
  • Eric J. Murphy
  • Philip Appleton
  • Lee Armus
  • Alberto Bolatto
  • Bernhard Brandl
  • Daniela Calzetti, University of Massachusetts - Amherst
  • Kevin Croxall
  • Maud Galametz
  • Karl. D. Gordon
  • Robert C. Kennicutt
  • Jin Koda
  • Oliver Krause
  • Edward Montiel
  • Hans-Walter Rix
  • Hélène Roussel
  • Karin Sandstrom
  • Marc Sauvage
  • Eva Schinnerer
  • J. D. Smith
  • Fabian Walter
  • Christine D. Wilson
  • Mark Wolfire
Using new far-infrared imaging from the Herschel Space Observatory with ancillary data from ultraviolet to submillimeter wavelengths, we estimate the total emission from dust and stars of 62 nearby galaxies in the KINGFISH survey in a way that is as empirical and model-independent as possible. We collect and exploit these data in order to measure from the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) precisely how much stellar radiation is intercepted and re-radiated by dust, and how this quantity varies with galaxy properties. By including SPIRE data, we are more sensitive to emission from cold dust grains than previous analyses at shorter wavelengths, allowing for more accurate estimates of dust temperatures and masses. The dust/stellar flux ratio, which we measure by integrating the SEDs, has a range of nearly three decades. The inclusion of SPIRE data shows that estimates based on data not reaching these far-IR wavelengths are biased low. We find that the dust/stellar flux ratio varies with morphology and total IR luminosity. We also find that dust/stellar flux ratios are related to gas-phase metallicity, while the dust/stellar mass ratios are less so. The substantial scatter between dust/stellar flux and dust/stellar mass indicates that the former is a poor proxy of the latter. Comparing the dust/stellar flux ratios and dust temperatures, we show that early-types tend to have slightly warmer temperatures than spiral galaxies, which may be due to more intense interstellar radiation fields, or to different dust grain compositions. Finally, we show that early-types and early-type spirals have a strong correlation between the dust/stellar flux ratio and specific star formation rate, which suggests that the relatively bright far-IR emission of some of these galaxies is due to ongoing star formation and the radiation field from older stars.
  • galaxies: general,
  • infrared: galaxies,
  • galaxies: ISM,
  • dust,
  • extinction,
  • galaxies: evolution
Publication Date
Publisher Statement
This paper was harvested from and ArXiv identifier is arXiv:1106.4022
Citation Information
Ramin A. Skibba, Charles W. Engelbracht, Daniel Dale, Joannah Hinz, et al.. "The Emission by Dust and Stars of Nearby Galaxies in the Herschel KINGFISH Survey" The Astrophysical Journal (2011)
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