Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease. We evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in this population. METHODS:
HIV-infected persons ≥ 18 years of age who were previously vaccinated with ≥ 1 dose of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) and had CD4 cell counts ≥ 200 cells/mm(3) and HIV viral loads <50 000 copies/mL were enrolled in this 3-dose PCV13 open-label study. RESULTS:
A total of 329 subjects received ≥ 1 dose, and 279 received 3 doses administered at 6-month intervals. Increases in anticapsular polysaccharide immunoglobulin G concentrations and opsonophagocytic antibody titers were demonstrated 1 month after each of the 3 doses of PCV13. Antibody levels were generally similar after each dose. The responses were similar whether subjects had previously received 1 or ≥ 2 doses of PPSV23. Pain at the injection-site was the most common local reaction. Severe injection site or systemic events were uncommon. CONCLUSIONS:
Vaccination with PCV13 induces anticapsular immunoglobulin G and opsonophagocytic antibody responses in HIV-infected adults with prior PPSV23 vaccination and CD4 cell counts ≥ 200 cells/mm(3). The observations support the use of PCV13 in this population.