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Article
Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital quality in African American couples
Personal Relationships
  • Carolyn E. Cutrona, Iowa State University
  • Daniel W. Russell, Iowa State University
  • W. Todd Abraham, Iowa State University
  • Kelly A. Gardner, Iowa State University
  • Janet N. Melby, Iowa State University
  • Chalandra Bryant, Iowa State University
  • Rand D. Conger, Iowa State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
9-1-2003
DOI
10.1111/1475-6811.00056
Abstract
Demographic characteristics, family financial strain, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage, and state of residence were tested as predictors of observed warmth, hostility, and self–reported marital quality. Participants were 202 married African American couples who resided in a range of neighborhood contexts. Neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted lower warmth during marital interactions, as did residence in the rural south. Consistent with the family stress model (e.g., Conger & Elder, 1994), family financial strain predicted lower perceived marital quality. Unexpectedly, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted higher marital quality. Social comparison processes and degree of exposure to racially based discrimination are considered as explanations for this unexpected result. The importance of context in relationship outcomes is highlighted.
Comments

This is an author's manuscript from Personal Relationships 10 (2003): 389–409, doi:10.1111/1475-6811.00056. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner
2003
Language
en
Date Available
2014-02-05
File Format
application/pdf
Citation Information
Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, W. Todd Abraham, Kelly A. Gardner, et al.. "Neighborhood context and financial strain as predictors of marital interaction and marital quality in African American couples" Personal Relationships Vol. 10 Iss. 3 (2003) p. 389 - 409
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/daniel-russell/2/