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Article
An Empirical Study of the Underground Economy in the Kingdom of Belgium
International Journal of Business & Globalisation (2013)
  • Shahamak Rezaei, Roskilde University
  • Marco Goli
  • Leo Paul Dana
Abstract

This article investigates the underground economy in Belgium. Although several government initiatives are attempting to combat underground economic activities, we found illegal foreign workers identifying opportunities and fulfilling market needs. Underground employment thus thrives in a variety of sectors, including the building sector, cleaning houses, delivery jobs, garage business horticulture, hotels, industrial cleaning, and social work.

Keywords
  • Belgium; migrant workers; underground economy; illegal economy; illegal immigrants; illegal employment; undocumented employment.
Publication Date
2013
Citation Information
Shahamak Rezaei, Marco Goli and Leo Paul Dana. "An Empirical Study of the Underground Economy in the Kingdom of Belgium" International Journal of Business & Globalisation Vol. 11 Iss. 2 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dana/11/