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Article
A post-glacial sea level hinge on the central Pacific coast of Canada
Quaternary Science Reviews
  • Duncan McLaren
  • Daryl Fedje
  • Murray B. Hay
  • Quentin Mackie
  • Ian J. Walker
  • Dan H. Shugar, University of Washington Tacoma
  • Jordan BR Eamer
  • Olav B. Lian
  • Christina Neudorf
Publication Date
8-1-2014
Document Type
Article
Abstract
Post-glacial sea level dynamics during the last 15,000 calendar years are highly variable along the Pacific coast of Canada. During the Last Glacial Maximum, the Earth's crust was depressed by ice loading along the mainland inner coast and relative sea levels were as much as 200 m higher than today. In contrast, some outer coastal areas experienced a glacial forebulge (uplift) effect that caused relative sea levels to drop to as much as 150 m below present levels. Between these inner and outer coasts, we hypothesize that there would have been an area where sea level remained relatively stable, despite regional and global trends in sea level change. To address this hypothesis, we use pond basin coring, diatom analysis, archaeological site testing, sedimentary exposure sampling, and radiocarbon dating to construct sea level histories for the Hakai Passage region. Our data include 106 newly reported radiocarbon ages from key coastal sites that together support the thesis that this area has experienced a relatively stable sea level over the last 15,000 calendar years. These findings are significant in that they indicate a relatively stable coastal environment amenable to long-term human occupation and settlement of the area. Our results will help inform future archaeological investigations in the region.
Version
pre-print, post-print
Citation Information
Duncan McLaren, Daryl Fedje, Murray B. Hay, Quentin Mackie, et al.. "A post-glacial sea level hinge on the central Pacific coast of Canada" Quaternary Science Reviews Vol. 97 (2014) p. 148 - 169
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/dan-shugar/6/