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Contribution to Book
The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (2008)
  • Damian Cox
  • Marguerite La Caze
  • Michael Levine


Integrity is one of the most important and oft-cited of virtue terms. It is also perhaps the most puzzling. For example, while it is sometimes used virtually synonymously with ‘moral,’ we also at times distinguish acting morally from acting with integrity. Persons of integrity may in fact act immorally—though they would usually not know they are acting immorally. Thus one may acknowledge a person to have integrity even though that person may hold importantly mistaken moral views.

  • integrity,
  • virtue,
  • moral
Publication Date
September 1, 2008
E. N. Zalta
Stanford University
Publisher Statement
Published Version.

Cox, D., La Caze, M. & Levine, M. (2005). Integrity. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2008 Edition). Stanford: Stanford University. Retrieved from

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© Copyright Damian Cox, Marguerite La Caze & Michael Levine, 2008
Citation Information
Damian Cox, Marguerite La Caze and Michael Levine. "Integrity" Fall 2008Stanford, CaliforniaThe Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (2008)
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