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Article
Phone-delivered Mindfulness Training for Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Cardiovascular Medicine Publications and Presentations
  • Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Sybil L. Crawford, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • James F. Carmody, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Lawrence S. Rosenthal, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Gloria Y. Yeh, Harvard University
  • Mary Stanley, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Karen Rose, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Clifford Browning, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Ira S. Ockene, University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine; Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine
Date
10-1-2013
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Defibrillators, Implantable; Mind-Body Therapies; Stress, Psychological; Meditation; Relaxation Therapy; Anxiety; Telephone
Abstract
Background The reduction in adrenergic activity and anxiety associated with meditation may be beneficial for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Purpose This study aims to determine the feasibility of a phone-delivered mindfulness intervention in patients with defibrillators and to obtain preliminary indications of efficacy on mindfulness and anxiety. Methods Clinically stable outpatients were randomized to a mindfulness intervention (eight weekly individual phone sessions) or to a scripted follow-up phone call. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Five Facets of Mindfulness to measure anxiety and mindfulness, and multivariate linear regression to estimate the intervention effect on pre-post-intervention changes in these variables. Results We enrolled 45 patients (23 mindfulness and 22 control; age, 43–83; 30 % women). Retention was 93 %; attendance was 94 %. Mindfulness (beta = 3.31; p = 0.04) and anxiety (beta = −1.15; p = 0.059) improved in the mindfulness group. Conclusions Mindfulness training can be effectively phone-delivered and may improve mindfulness and anxiety in cardiac defibrillator outpatients.
Comments

Citation: Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Crawford SL, Carmody J, Rosenthal L, Yeh G, Stanley M, Rose K, Browning C, Ockene IS. Phone-delivered mindfulness training for patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial. Ann Behav Med. 2013 Oct;46(2):243-50. doi:10.1007/s12160-013-9505-7. Link to article on publisher's website

Related Resources
Link to article in PubMed
Keywords
  • UMCCTS funding
PubMed ID
23605175
Citation Information
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Sybil L. Crawford, James F. Carmody, Lawrence S. Rosenthal, et al.. "Phone-delivered Mindfulness Training for Patients with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results of a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial" Vol. 46 Iss. 2 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/crawfords/116/