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TOOLKIT AND GUIDANCE FOR PREVENTING AND MANAGING LAND AND NATURAL RESOURCES CONFLICT: CONFLICT PREVENTION IN RESOURCE-RICH ECONOMIES
(2011)
  • Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng Ochieng
Abstract

Natural resource exports such as oil, diamonds and copper provide opportunities to drive growth and human development. However, extraction of these commodities can also result in slow growth, poverty and conflict. This paper focuses on four questions. First, how does natural resource dependence impede economic and social progress? Second, how does lack of economic and social progress translate into violent conflict? Third, which economic policies lessen the risk of conflict? Fourth, what are the programmatic implications for UNDP?

By synthesizing country cases, this paper shows that resource-based countries face a higher risk of experiencing violent conflict because of increases in unemployment, inequalities and inadequate provision of social services, particularly education. Worsening economic and social conditions aggravate collective and private grievances and the breakdown in statesociety relations. These, in turn, fuel conflict.

Keywords
  • Resource curse; Resource dependency; natural resources; minerals for development
Publication Date
Winter December, 2011
Comments
Disclaimer The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the Member States.
Citation Information
Cosmas Milton Obote Ochieng Ochieng. "TOOLKIT AND GUIDANCE FOR PREVENTING AND MANAGING LAND AND NATURAL RESOURCES CONFLICT: CONFLICT PREVENTION IN RESOURCE-RICH ECONOMIES" (2011)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/cosmas_ochieng/11/