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Article
Science in Environmental Conflicts
Sociological Perspectives
  • Connie P. Ozawa, Portland State University
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
7-1-1996
Subjects
  • Environmentalism,
  • Science -- Social aspects
Abstract

Science plays a major part in environmental conflict. How that role is defined is determined by the human actors engaged in the conflict and the legal and institutional constructs that structure discourse. This article begins by tracing the authority invested in science to ideological assumptions about scientific methodology. Then, four common roles for science in environmental conflict (discoverer, mechanism of accountability, shield, and toql of persuasion), are described. These roles are increasingly unproductive in resolving environmental conflict, partly due to the misfit between the actual conduct of science and its ideal. This article proposes that a new role, one that is more consistent with a social constructionist view of science, has been crafted as a byproduct of decision-making innovations that prescribe explicit negotiations among representatives of groups engaged in an environmental dispute. As a tool offacilitation, science may be used more constructively to resolve environmental dispute

Description

This is the publisher's final PDF. Copyright © 1996 PacificSociological Association. Originally published in Sociological Perspectives and can be found online at: http://pacificsoc.org/journals.html Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by the Regents of the University of California/on behalf of the Sponsoring Society for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® on [JSTOR (http://www.jstor.org/r/ucal)] or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center, http://www.copyright.com.

Persistent Identifier
http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/12642
Citation Information
Ozawa, C. P. (1996). SCIENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS. Sociological Perspectives, 39(2), 219-230.