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Can infant mortality, female education, urbanization and income explain fertility decline in developing countries?
The 42nd Australian conference of economists conference proceedings: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in Economics (2013)
  • Cong Wang, Bond University
Abstract
Motivated by the wide spread fertility transition phenomenon in developing countries following the end of World War II, and the four stand out hypotheses on demographic transitions in the literatures that concern the relationship between fertility and infant mortality, female education, urbanization and income, this paper is a serious attempt on checking the demographic theories against the developing world’s reality. By collecting a panel of data for 92 developing countries and 51 years (1960-2010) and utilizing estimation techniques such as Pooled OLS, Panel fixed effect with Instrumental Variables and system GMM, this paper has found evidences supporting a positive direct effect of infant mortality as well as direct negative effects of urbanization, income and female education on women’s fertility decisions in developing countries. Among all four direct effects, female education seems to have the strongest impact on fertility.
Keywords
  • Fertility,
  • Infant Mortality,
  • Urbanization,
  • Female Education,
  • Income
Publication Date
2013
Editor
D. Bulter & M. Mangano
Publisher
Murdoch University
ISBN
978-1-921877-12-4
Publisher Statement
Published version

Wang, C. (2013). Can infant mortality, female education, urbanization and income explain fertility decline in developing countries? In D. Butler, & M. Mangano (Eds.), The 42nd Australian conference of economists conference proceedings: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in Economics. Perth:  Murdoch University.

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Citation Information
Cong Wang. "Can infant mortality, female education, urbanization and income explain fertility decline in developing countries?" PerthThe 42nd Australian conference of economists conference proceedings: Beyond the frontiers: New directions in Economics (2013) p. 1 - 39
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/cong-wang/15/