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Article
Prevalence of vulvar and vaginal symptoms during pregnancy and the puerperium
International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • Colleen M Kennedy, University of Iowa
  • A. M. Turcea
  • Catherine S. Bradley, University of Iowa
Document Type
Article
Peer Reviewed
1
Publication Date
6-1-2009
NLM Title Abbreviation
Int J Gynaecol Obstet
PubMed ID
19275950
DOI of Published Version
10.1016/j.ijgo.2009.01.024
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of vulvar and vaginal symptoms during pregnancy and at 3 months post partum. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, descriptive study of 103 pregnant women was undertaken in which a self-administered questionnaire was completed at each trimester and 3 months post partum. Retrospective data was collected from 122 women, queried using similar tools, who comprised a nonpregnant control group. Descriptive and comparative statistics were employed. RESULTS: The prevalence of vulvar burning, itching, pain, and vaginal discharge generally increased during pregnancy, and improved postpartum. Dyspareunia increased during pregnancy, but remained elevated post partum. Compared with the historical nonpregnant group (adjusted for age, marital status, education, and smoking), dyspareunia was reported less often in the first trimester (P=0.03) and more often post partum (P<0.01). Furthermore, reports of vulvar pain and vaginal discharge were significantly greater during the second and third trimesters. CONCLUSIONS: Vulvar and vaginal symptoms are common during pregnancy, and the prevalence of some, but not all, increase during gestation and decrease post partum.
Keywords
  • Adolescent,
  • Adult,
  • Dyspareunia/epidemiology/etiology/physiopathology,
  • Female,
  • Follow-Up Studies,
  • Humans,
  • Iowa/epidemiology,
  • Longitudinal Studies,
  • Postpartum Period,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology/physiopathology,
  • Pregnancy Trimesters,
  • Prevalence,
  • Prospective Studies,
  • Questionnaires,
  • Retrospective Studies,
  • Time Factors,
  • Vaginal Diseases/epidemiology/etiology/physiopathology,
  • Vulvar Diseases/epidemiology/etiology/physiopathology,
  • Young Adult
Published Article/Book Citation
International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, 105:3 (2009) pp.236-239.
Citation Information
Colleen M Kennedy, A. M. Turcea and Catherine S. Bradley. "Prevalence of vulvar and vaginal symptoms during pregnancy and the puerperium" International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics Vol. 105 Iss. 3 (2009) p. 236 - 239 ISSN: 1879-3479
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/colleen_stockdale/15/