Ø Undeclared work hasdeep roots in FYR of Macedonia. 1 in 16 adults and 1 in 8 of the employed engage in undeclared work. The use of informal connections to circumvent formal institutions is practiced by 35% of Macedonians.
Ø Formal institutions in the country are underdeveloped. Unemployment also remains unusually high compared with the EU average.
Ø The traditional repression approach to tackling undeclared work, which has been prioritised so far by the authorities, is ineffective.
Ø Increasing penalties and surveillance/ control should at the very least be supplemented by public awareness raising campaigns, educating citizens, and the further modernisation of the state institutions.
Ø The government should increase spending on the socially excluded, including among the ethnic Albanians.
- informal sector,
- informal economy,
- economic development,
- development economics,
- development studies,
- business economics,
- business ethics,
- economic soicology,
- labor economics,
- pubic policy,
- institutional economics
Publication DateSummer August 25, 2017
PublisherSheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield
Citation InformationColin C Williams, Peter Rodgers and Ruslan Stefanov. GREYPolicyBrief2_Macedonia.pdf. Sheffield(2017)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/colin_williams/75/