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  • Colin C Williams
  • Peter Rodgers, University of Sheffield
  • Ruslan Stefanov, Center for Study of Democracy
Ø  Undeclared work hasdeep roots in FYR of Macedonia. 1 in 16 adults and 1 in 8 of the employed engage in undeclared work. The use of informal connections to circumvent formal institutions is practiced by 35% of Macedonians.
Ø  Formal institutions in the country are underdeveloped. Unemployment also remains unusually high compared with the EU average.
Ø  The traditional repression approach to tackling undeclared work, which has been prioritised so far by the authorities, is ineffective.
Ø  Increasing penalties and surveillance/ control should at the very least be supplemented by public awareness raising campaigns, educating citizens, and the further modernisation of the state institutions.
Ø  The government should increase spending on the socially excluded, including among the ethnic Albanians.
  • informal sector,
  • informal economy,
  • economic development,
  • development economics,
  • development studies,
  • business economics,
  • .,
  • business ethics,
  • economic soicology,
  • labor economics,
  • economics,
  • sociology,
  • pubic policy,
  • institutional economics
Publication Date
Summer August 25, 2017
Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield
Citation Information
Colin C Williams, Peter Rodgers and Ruslan Stefanov. GREYPolicyBrief2_Macedonia.pdf. Sheffield(2017)
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