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Individual differences in taste, body weight, and depression in the "helplessness" rat model and in humans.
Brain Research Bulletin (1990)
  • Clinton D Chapman, Occidental College
  • Nancy K Dess, Occidental College
In Exp 1, exposure of rats to unsignaled, inescapable shock resulted in finickiness about drinking a weak quinine solution. In contrast, exposure to escapable shock resulted in marked individual differences in finickiness that were predicted by prestress body weight. A more sensitive index of finickiness was used in Exp 2, and a correlation between body weight and finickiness was observed in nonshocked rats. In Exp 3, measures of quinine reactivity and body weight predicted depressive symptomatology in a nonclinical human sample of 37 undergraduates. Although research in the helplessness paradigm usually focuses on environmental determinants of distress, the paradigm may help identify and explain individual differences in, or intrinsic modulation of, stress and clinical depression.
  • body weight & unsignaled inescapable shock,
  • finickiness about drinking quinine solution & human depression,
  • rats & college students,
  • test of helplessness model,
  • conference presentation
Publication Date
May, 1990
Citation Information
Clinton D Chapman and Nancy K Dess. "Individual differences in taste, body weight, and depression in the "helplessness" rat model and in humans." Brain Research Bulletin Vol. 24 Iss. 5 (1990)
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