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Persistence of Swidden Cultivation in the Face of Globalization: A Case Study from Communities in Calakmul, Mexico
Human Ecology (2013)
  • Birgit Schmock
  • Nathalie van Vliet
  • Claudia Radel, Utah State University
  • Maria de Jesus Manzon-Che
  • Susannah McCandless
Abstract
Over the last decades, political, economic and environmental pressures have encouraged changes from swidden to more intensive agricultural practices, resulting in the hypothesis that swidden cultivation systems are disappearing. In Calakmul, southeastern Mexico, communities decreased the area under milpa, the traditional maize swidden system, but a collapse did not occur. To document and explain the persistence of swidden we employ a variety of data: (1) 59 standardized household surveys from 2003 and 2010 in five villages, (2) in-depth interviews in one village, and (3) coupled human–environmental timelines in this same village. Droughts, hurricanes, and remittances were important drivers of decreases in milpa cultivation...
Publication Date
February, 2013
Citation Information
Birgit Schmock, Nathalie van Vliet, Claudia Radel, Maria de Jesus Manzon-Che, et al.. "Persistence of Swidden Cultivation in the Face of Globalization: A Case Study from Communities in Calakmul, Mexico" Human Ecology Vol. 41 Iss. 1 (2013)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/claudia_radel/22/