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Global-Local Parodies in María Amparo Escandón's "Esperanza's Box of Saints"
Letras Femeninas (2008)
  • Clara Roman-Odio
Jane H. Bayes, Nayereh Tohidi, Laura Guzman-Stern, and Angela Bonavoglia have argued that globalization, migration, and mass media are transforming the relationship of women to religious authority. In the U.S. Hispanic context, this transformation is frequently expressed in popular religiosity, which has emerged as a site of political and cultural resistance to the homogenizing influence of globalization. Typically, popular religiosity emerges locally in community settings. As Virgilio Elizondo, Gaston Espinosa, et al. and Colleen McDannell have shown, the qualities of the "local" are usually emphasized because these faith expressions have their roots in the people's own history and are a source of power, identity, and acceptance not found in the institutional Church. Mujerista theology, a women-centered and community-driven interpretation of Catholicism, represents a relevant example of this trend. But perhaps one of its greatest expression is the relentless reworkings of the Virgin of Guadalupe, a sacred icon that proliferates on candles, decals, tiles, murals, and folk art today, as it did in the 1960s under the influence of Cesar Chavez's social activism and, more recently, in Chicanas' feminist writing.
  • gender identity,
  • feminism,
  • parody,
  • novels,
  • catholicism,
  • gender performativity,
  • literary criticism,
  • narratives,
  • christianity,
  • home altars
Publication Date
Winter 2008
Citation Information
Clara Roman-Odio. "Global-Local Parodies in María Amparo Escandón's "Esperanza's Box of Saints"" Letras Femeninas Vol. 34 Iss. 2 (2008) p. 87 - 108 ISSN: 02774356
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