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Article
Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and mortality: NIH-AARP diet and health study
Family Medicine and Community Health Publications and Presentations
  • Jacqueline M. Major, National Institutes of Health
  • Chyke A. Doubeni, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Neal D. Freedman, National Institutes of Health
  • Yikyung Park, National Institutes of Health
  • Min Lian, Washington University School of Medicine
  • Albert R. Hollenbeck, AARP
  • Arthur Schatzkin, National Institutes of Health
  • Barry I. Graubard, National Institutes of Health
  • Rashmi Sinha, National Institutes of Health
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Meyers Primary Care Institute
Publication Date
11-23-2010
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Aged; Cardiovascular Diseases; Educational Status; Female; Health Status; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Middle Aged; Mortality; Multivariate Analysis; National Institutes of Health (U.S.); Neoplasms; Nutrition Assessment; Principal Component Analysis; Proportional Hazards Models; Questionnaires; *Residence Characteristics; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Social Class; Socioeconomic Factors; United States
Abstract
PURPOSE: Residing in deprived areas may increase risk of mortality beyond that explained by a person's own SES-related factors and lifestyle. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and all-cause, cancer- and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific mortality for men and women after accounting for education and other important person-level risk factors. METHODS: In the longitudinal NIH-AARP Study, we analyzed data from healthy participants, ages 50-71 years at study baseline (1995-1996). Deaths (n = 33831) were identified through December 2005. Information on census tracts was obtained from the 2000 US Census. Cox models estimated hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for quintiles of neighborhood deprivation. RESULTS: Participants in the highest quintile of deprivation had elevated risks for overall mortality (HR(men) = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.24; HR(women) = 1.13, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.22) and marginally increased risk for cancer deaths (HR(men) = 1.09, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.20; HR(women) = 1.09, 95% CI: 0.99, 1.22). CVD mortality associations appeared stronger in men (HR = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.19, 1.49) than women (HR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.01, 1.38). There was no evidence of an effect modification by education. CONCLUSION: Higher neighborhood deprivation was associated with modest increases in all-cause, cancer- and CVD-mortality after accounting for many established risk factors.
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DOI of Published Version
10.1371/journal.pone.0015538
Source
PLoS One. 2010 Nov 23;5(11):e15538. Link to article on publisher's site
Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
21124858
Citation Information
Jacqueline M. Major, Chyke A. Doubeni, Neal D. Freedman, Yikyung Park, et al.. "Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and mortality: NIH-AARP diet and health study" Vol. 5 Iss. 11 (2010) ISSN: 1932-6203 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/chyke_doubeni/8/