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Short- and long-term risk of colorectal adenoma recurrence among whites and blacks
Meyers Primary Care Institute Publications and Presentations
  • Adeyinka O. Laiyemo, Howard University
  • Chyke A. Doubeni, University of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Hassan Brim, Howard University Hospital
  • Hassan Ashktorab, Howard University
  • Robert E. Schoen, University of Pittsburgh
  • Samir Gupta, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
  • Aline Charabaty, Georgetown University
  • Elaine Lanza, National Institutes of Health
  • Duane T. Smoot, Howard University
  • Elizabeth Platz, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
  • Amanda J. Cross, National Institutes of Health
UMMS Affiliation
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Meyers Primary Care Institute
Publication Date
3-1-2013
Document Type
Article
Subjects
Colorectal Neoplasms; Adenoma; Epidemiologic Factors; Risk Factors; Continental Population Groups
Abstract

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the higher burden from colorectal cancer among blacks is due to an increased biological susceptibility.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether non-Hispanic blacks (blacks) have a higher risk of adenoma recurrence than non-Hispanic whites (whites) after removal of colorectal adenoma.

DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Polyp Prevention Trial (PPT) data.

SETTING: United States.

PATIENTS: Patients were 1668 self-identified whites and 153 blacks who completed the 4-year trial. Of these, 688 whites and 55 blacks enrolled in a posttrial, passive Polyp Prevention Trial Continued Follow-up Study (PPT-CFS) and underwent another colonoscopy.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Recurrence and location of the adenoma and advanced adenoma by race-ethnicity during PPT and cumulative recurrence over a mean follow-up of 8.3 years (range, 4.9-12.4 years) among PPT-CFS enrollees.

RESULTS: Blacks had similar risk of recurrence of adenoma (39.2% vs 39.4%; incidence risk ratio [RR] = .98; 95% CI, .80-1.20) and advanced adenoma (8.5% vs 6.4%; RR = 1.18; 95% CI, .68-2.05) as whites at the end of PPT. Recurrence risk did not differ by colon subsite. Among PPT-CFS enrollees, the cumulative recurrence rate over a maximal follow-up period of 12 years was similar for blacks and whites for adenoma (67.3% vs 67.0%; RR = 1.01; 95% CI, .84-1.21) and advanced adenoma (14.5% vs 16.9%; RR = 1.03; 95% CI, .60-1.79). LIMITATION: There were few blacks in the long-term follow-up study.

CONCLUSIONS: Adenoma and advanced adenoma recurrence did not differ by race. Our study does not support more frequent surveillance colonoscopies for blacks with a personal history of adenoma as an intervention to reduce colorectal cancer disparity. Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

DOI of Published Version
10.1016/j.gie.2012.11.027
Source

Gastrointest Endosc. 2013 Mar;77(3):447-54. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2012.11.027. Link to article on publisher's site

Related Resources
Link to Article in PubMed
PubMed ID
23337636
Citation Information
Adeyinka O. Laiyemo, Chyke A. Doubeni, Hassan Brim, Hassan Ashktorab, et al.. "Short- and long-term risk of colorectal adenoma recurrence among whites and blacks" Vol. 77 Iss. 3 (2013) ISSN: 0016-5107 (Linking)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/chyke_doubeni/30/