MIST1 is a transcription factor expressed in pancreatic acinar cells and other serous exocrine cells. Mice harboring a targeted deletion of the Mist1 gene (Mist1-/-) exhibit alterations in acinar regulated exocytosis and aberrant Ca2+ signaling that are normally controlled by acinar cell Ca2+-ATPases. Previous studies indicated that total sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCA) and plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPases (PMCA) remained unaffected in Mist1-/- acinar cultures. Therefore, we have assessed the expression of Atp2c2, the gene that encodes the secretory pathway Ca2+-ATPase 2 (SPCA2). We revealed a dramatic decrease in pancreatic expression of Atp2a2 mRNA and SPCA2 protein in Mist1-/- mice. Surprisingly, this analysis indicated that the acinar-specific Atp2c2 mRNA is a novel transcript, consisting of only the 3' end of the gene and the protein and localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum. Expression of SPCA2 was also lost in Mist1-/- secretory cells of the salivary glands and seminal vesicles, suggesting that Atp2c2 transcription is regulated by MIST1. Indeed, inducible MIST1 expression in Mist1-/- pancreatic acinar cells restored normal Atp2c2 expression, supporting a role for MIST1 in regulating the Atp2c2 gene. Based on these results, we have identified a new Atp2c2 transcript, the loss of which may be linked to the Mist1-/- phenotype. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/christopher-pin/11/