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Article
Does Relative Deprivation Predict the Need for Mental Health Services
Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics (2004)
  • Christine Eibner
  • Roland Sturm
  • Carole R. Gresenz
Abstract
This paper uses cross-sectional data from the HealthCare for Communities (HCC) study to investigate whether an individual’s income status relative to a reference group predicts mental health outcomes. Reference groups are defined using combinations of location of residence, age, marital status, sex, and education. Our measure of relative deprivation is based on Yitzhaki’s index, a term that quantifies the expected income difference between an individual and others in his or her reference group who are more affluent. Even after controlling for an individual’s absolute income status, those with low relative income are at higher risk of experiencing a mental health disorder. Results are strongest when age in addition to location of residence is included in the reference group definition.
Publication Date
2004
Citation Information
Christine Eibner, Roland Sturm and Carole R. Gresenz. "Does Relative Deprivation Predict the Need for Mental Health Services" Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics Vol. 7 Iss. 5 (2004)
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/christine_eibner/6/