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Article
Effects on L1 During Early Acquisition of L2: Speech Changes in Spanish at First English Contact
Bilingualism: Language & Cognition
  • Christina E. Gildersleeve-Neumann, Portland State University
  • Elizabeth D. Peña, University of Texas at Austin
  • Barbara L. Davis, University of Texas at Austin
  • Ellen S. Kester, University of Texas at Austin
Document Type
Article
Publication Date
1-1-2009
Subjects
  • Children -- Language,
  • Language acquisition,
  • Phonology (Grammar),
  • Bilingualism
Abstract

Spanish phonological development was examined in six sequential bilingual children at the point of contact with English and eight months later. We explored effects of the English vowel and consonant inventory on Spanish. Children showed a significant increase in consonant cluster accuracy and in vowel errors. These emerging sequential bilingual children showed effects of English on their first language, Spanish. Cross-linguistic transfer did not affect all properties of the phonology equally. Negative transfer may occur in specific areas where the second language is more complex, requiring reorganization of the existing system, as in the transition from the Spanish five-vowel to the English eleven-vowel system.

Description

This is the publisher's final PDF. Article appears in Bilingualism: Language & Cognition. The original publication is available at: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=BIL and is Copyright 2009 Cambridge University Press.

DOI
10.1017/S1366728908003994
Persistent Identifier
http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/10961
Citation Information
Christina E., G., Elizabeth D., P., Davis, B. L., & Kester, E. S. (2009). Effects on L1 during early acquisition of L2: Speech changes in Spanish at first English contact. Bilingualism: Language & Cognition, 12(2), 259-272. doi:10.1017/S1366728908003994