Differences in Physical and Mental Health Symptoms and Mental Health Utilization Associated with Intimate Partner Violence vs. Child AbusePsychosomatics
SponsorThis study was funded by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Depression in Primary Care Program. Dr. Nicolaidis’ time is supported by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (K23 MH073008-03).
- Adult child abuse victims -- United States -- Social conditions,
- Child abuse -- Psychological aspects,
- Intimate partner violence,
- Women -- Health and hygiene
AbstractBackground: There is ample evidence that both intimate-partner violence (IPV) and childhood abuse adversely affect the physical and mental health of adult women over the long term. Objective: The authors assessed the associations between abuse, symptoms, and mental health utilization. Method: The authors performed a cross-sectional survey of 380 adult female, internal-medicine patients. Results: Although both IPV and childhood abuse were associated with depressive and physical symptoms, IPV was independently associated with physical symptoms, and childhood abuse was independently associated with depression. Women with a history of childhood abuse had higher odds, whereas women with IPV had lower odds, of receiving care from mental health providers. Conclusion: IPV and childhood abuse may have different effects on women's symptoms and mental health utilization.
PublisherAmerican Psychiatric Publishing
Citation InformationNicolaidis, c., McFarland, B., Curry, M.A., Gerrity, M. "Differences in physical and mental health symptoms and mental health utilization associated with intimate partner violence vs. child abuse." Psychosomatics. 2009: 50(4)340-6. DOI: 10.1176/appi.psy.50.4.340