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Ratings of ADHD symptoms and academic impairment by mothers, fathers, teachers, and aides: Construct validity within and across settings as well as occasions
Psychological Assessment
  • Christian Geiser, Utah State University
  • G. Leonard Burns, Washington State University
  • Mateu Servera, University of the Balearic Islands
  • Maria del Mar Bernad, University of the Balearic Islands
  • Jesús Maria Carrillo, Complutense University of Madr...
Document Type
Article
Publisher
American Psychological Association
Publication Date
12-1-2014
DOI
10.1037/pas0000008
Abstract
A Multiple Indicator × Multiple Trait × Multiple Source × Multiple Occasion design was used to evaluate invariance, convergent and discriminant validity of ADHD-inattention (IN), ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), and academic impairment scores from the Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Inventory (CADBI) using confirmatory factor analysis. Mothers, fathers, teachers, and aides completed the CADBI on 811 Spanish 1st-grade children (54% boys) twice (6-week separation). For mothers and fathers, like loadings, thresholds/intercepts, factor means, factor variances, and factor covariances/correlations were invariant across sources and occasions. All 3 factors also showed convergent (convergent correlations from .69 to .83) and significant discriminant validity. For teachers and aides, there was also invariance of parameters along with convergent and discriminant validity over sources and occasions (convergent correlations from .67 to .87). With construct validity established for home and school, it was meaningful to test construct validity between home and school. Like-item loadings and thresholds/intercepts were invariant between home and school, with the ADHD-HI factor mean being lower at school. Convergent validity of ADHD-IN, ADHD-HI, and academic impairment factors, especially ADHD-IN and ADHD-HI, was much weaker between home and school (convergent correlations from .36 to .47 for IN and HI). The strong convergent validity of ADHD-IN and ADHD-HI scores within home and school in conjunction with weak convergent validity across home and school has implications for the assessment and diagnosis of ADHD (i.e., the diagnostic criteria of symptom occurrence in 2 or more settings).
Citation Information
Christian Geiser, G. Leonard Burns, Mateu Servera, Maria del Mar Bernad, et al.. "Ratings of ADHD symptoms and academic impairment by mothers, fathers, teachers, and aides: Construct validity within and across settings as well as occasions" Psychological Assessment Vol. 26 Iss. 4 (2014) p. 1247 - 1258
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/christian-geiser/44/