Skip to main content
Article
A comparison of asynchronous and synchronous arm cranking during the Wingate test
International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
  • Dale I. Lovell, University of the Sunshine Coast
  • Dale Mason, University of the Sunshine Coast
  • Elias Delphinus, University of the Sunshine Coast
  • Christopher P. McLellan, Bond University
Date of this Version
9-1-2011
Document Type
Journal Article
Publication Details

Citation only

Lovell, D. I., Mason, D., Delphinus, E., & McLellan, C. P. (2011). A comparison of asynchronous and synchronous arm cranking during the Wingate test. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6 (3), 419-426.

Access the journal's website.

2011 HERDC submission. FoR code: 110600

© Copyright International Journal of Sports Physiology & Performance, 2011

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare asynchronous (ASY) arm cranking (cranks at 180° relative to each other) with synchronous (SYN) arm cranking (parallel crank setting) during the 30 s Wingate anaerobic test.

Methods: Thirty-two physically active men (aged 22.1 ± 2.4 y) completed two Wingate tests (one ASY and one SYN) separated by 4 d in a randomized counterbalanced order. The Wingate tests were completed on a modified electromagnetically braked cycle ergometer. Performance measures assessed during the two tests include peak power, mean power, minimum power, time to peak power, rate to fatigue and maximum cadence (RPMmax). Blood lactate concentration was also measured before and 5 min after the tests.

Results: Peak and mean power (both absolute and relative to body weight) during SYN arm cranking were significantly (p <0.001) less than during ASY arm cranking. Rate to fatigue and RPMmax were also significantly (p = 0.012) lower during SYN arm cranking compared with ASY arm cranking. No significant difference was found between test conditions for minimum power, time to peak power or blood lactate concentration.

Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that ASY arm cranking results in higher peak and mean anaerobic power compared with SYN arm cranking during the Wingate test. Therefore, an ASY arm crank configuration should be used to assess anaerobic power in most individuals although specific population groups may require further testing to determine which crank configuration is most suitable for the Wingate test.

Citation Information
Dale I. Lovell, Dale Mason, Elias Delphinus and Christopher P. McLellan. "A comparison of asynchronous and synchronous arm cranking during the Wingate test" International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance Vol. 6 Iss. 3 (2011) p. 419 - 426 ISSN: 1555-0265
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/chris_mclellan/1/