Skip to main content
Contrition in the Courtroom: Do Apologies Affect Adjudication?
Cornell Law Review
  • Chris Guthrie
Document Type
Publication Date
  • apologizing,
  • judges,
  • law

Apologies usually help to repair social relationships and appease aggrieved parties. Previous research has demonstrated that in legal settings, apologies influence how litigants and juries evaluate both civil and criminal defendants. Judges, however, routinely encounter apologies offered for instrumental reasons, such as to reduce a civil damage award or fine, or to shorten a criminal sentence. Frequent exposure to insincere apologies might make judges suspicious of or impervious to apologies. In a series of experimental studies with judges as research participants, we find that in some criminal settings, apologies can induce judges to be more lenient, but overall, apologizing to a judge is often unhelpful and can even be harmful

Citation Information
Chris Guthrie. "Contrition in the Courtroom: Do Apologies Affect Adjudication?" Cornell Law Review Vol. 98 (2013) p. 1189
Available at: