Parents as distraction coaches during i.v. insertion: a randomized studyJournal of pain and symptom management
NLM Title AbbreviationJ Pain Symptom Manage
AbstractThis study investigated the effectiveness of a brief Distraction Education intervention for parents prior to their preschool children's medical procedures. Forty-four preschool children with chronic non-life-threatening conditions were having intravenous catheters (IVs) placed for medical tests. Parent-child dyads were randomized into two groups. The experimental group received Distraction Education prior to IV insertion; the control group received standard care. Data were analyzed for two phases of the IV procedure. Phase 1 was the preparation for needle insertion; Phase 2 began with needle insertion. Experimental group parents used significantly more distraction than did control group parents during both phases (P < 0.001). There were no group differences for child behavioral distress or self-report of pain. There was a trend toward a group by phase interaction for behavioral distress (P = 0.07); more experimental group children showed decreased behavioral distress over time (from phase 1 to phase 2) than did control group children (P = 0.02).
- Peripheral/adverse effects/psychology,
- Child Psychology,
- Parent-Child Relations,
Published Article/Book CitationJournal of pain and symptom management, 22:4 (2001) pp.851-861.
Citation InformationCharmaine Kleiber, Martha Craft-Rosenberg and D. C. Harper. "Parents as distraction coaches during i.v. insertion: a randomized study" Journal of pain and symptom management Vol. 22 Iss. 4 (2001) p. 851 - 861 ISSN: 0885-3924
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/charmaine_kleiber/55/