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Article
A conceptual model of factors influencing children's responses to a painful procedure when parents are distraction coaches
Journal of pediatric nursing
  • Ann Marie McCarthy, University of Iowa
  • Charmaine Kleiber, University of Iowa
Document Type
Article
Peer Reviewed
1
Publication Date
4-1-2006
NLM Title Abbreviation
J Pediatr Nurs
PubMed ID
16545669
DOI of Published Version
10.1016/j.pedn.2005.06.007
Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present a model of factors that may influence a child's response to a painful procedure when parents are distraction coaches during the procedure. Nonpharmacological interventions, in particular, distraction, and parents as coaches for their children during procedures are discussed. A conceptual model is presented that illustrates the multiple factors and their possible relationships. A selected review of studies is provided that supports the inclusion of these factors in the model. The model and literature review focus on three major areas: characteristics of the child, characteristics of the parent, and procedural variables. The model presented is currently being tested in a large multisite study on the use of distraction during intravenous line insertion.

Keywords
  • Attention,
  • Child,
  • Child Psychology,
  • Child,
  • Preschool,
  • Female,
  • Humans,
  • Male,
  • Models,
  • Psychological,
  • Pain/prevention & control/psychology,
  • Parent-Child Relations,
  • Parents/psychology
Published Article/Book Citation
Journal of pediatric nursing, 21:2 (2006) pp.88-98. DOI:10.1016/j.pedn.2005.06.007.
Disciplines
Citation Information
Ann Marie McCarthy and Charmaine Kleiber. "A conceptual model of factors influencing children's responses to a painful procedure when parents are distraction coaches" Journal of pediatric nursing Vol. 21 Iss. 2 (2006) p. 88 - 98 ISSN: 0882-5963
Available at: http://works.bepress.com/charmaine_kleiber/52/